Makalu is the fifth highest mountain in the world at 8,485 m. It is located in the Mahalangur 19 km (12 mi) southeast of Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and China. Makalu is an isolated peak whose shape is a four-sided pyramid.
Mount Makalu (8463m.) was first climbed by a French party in 1955. The peak was first mapped and photographed from the Tibetan side by the 1921 British Everest reconnaissance. Hillary and Shipton photographed mount Makalu during a side trip on the 1951 Everest reconnaissance. Hillary and others approached the peak a year later after the failure of their mount Cho Oyu expedition.
The first attempt on mount Makalu was in 1954 by a US team, mostly from California , who trekked all the way from the Indian border near Biratnagar. At the same time a British team approached the mountain, but this expedition was abandoned when one of their member became seriously ill and had to be evacuated.
In the autumn of 1954 a French team attempted the peak. In the following spring, successfully ascents were made by three teams of French climbers on successive days.
In 1960 a large scientific and mountaineering expedition wintered at the foot of mount Ama Dablam, occupying the Green and Silver buts. In May 1961, the expedition trekked across the Mingbo La and other high passes to the foot off mount Makalu , where they planned to climb the French route, Sickness stopped the expedition, which became a heroic struggle for survival.
The Japanese climbed mount Makalu in 1970, another French team climbed it in 1971 and a Yugoslav expedition reached the summit in 1975. In 1976 Spanish and Czechoslovakian teams joined up near the summit.
Makalu West Face
It is very adventurous route to climb because it is a little bit dangerous as well. The 5 attempts were made before climbing this Mount Makalu Mountain ; then only it was succeeded in the final.
The West Face was successfully summit in 1997. The Russian expedition had taken the route of this West Face of mount Makalu, leaded by Sergey Efimov and climbed the top on 21st of May via the most difficult route. The last part of the route had gone on Parago ridge. Alexei Bolotov, Yuri Ermachek, Dmitri Pavlenko, Igor Bugachevski and Nikolai Jiline had climbed on the top of mount Makalu at this time For this ascent they were awarded the “Gold ice-axe”.
The routes are of 4 parts:
The bottom part starts from the base of the West Face at 5,800 meters and climbs to the hanging ice-fall at 6,100 meters to the right part of the ice-fall. The second part extends from the plateau above the ice-fall along 35 to 45 degree elevation’s rock up to the 6,500 meters high. The next section is an ice-rock wall, 50 to 55 degrees steep & that extends to 7,400 meters height. The last final section begins 70 to 75 degree elevation’s rock pillar, which leads to the west ridge at 8,000 meters height till to the top of the summit.
Ropes are typically fixed from 5800 m to 6100 m and from 6500 m to 7500 m. Camps established by the Russian Team were at the following locations.
The French Route on the West Pillar is an aesthetically stunning line that has been seldom attempted. It is an exceedingly difficult, a very steep pillar that was first successfully ascended in 1971. The crux of the line comes at approximately 7,600 m in the area of the Seignior Wall.
The first US team to summit was in 1980, they summit via this West Pillar Route . The team was made up of Jim States , John Roskelley, Kim Momb and Chris Kopczynski. They reached the summit with 2 members of the team and put 2 members within 150 feet. They reached the summit without the use of oxygen or Sherpa support.
Makalu Barun Valley:
It is a glacier valley located at the base of the mountain. Trekkers will be embraced by stunning natural beauty where high waterfall cascades into deep gorges, lush green forests and colorful flowers. It is relatively undisturbed by humans.
Day 01: Arrival in Kathmandu & Transfer to hotel
Day 02: Preparation for expedition
Day 03: Briefing in Ministry of tourism for official work
Day 04: Fly from Kathmandu to Tumlingtar – camping (285 m)
Day 05: Tumlingtar – Kuwapani (1800 m)
Day 06. Kuwapani – Chichila (1866 m)
Day 07: Chichila – Num (1851 m)
Day 08: Num- Seduwa (1500 m)
Day 09: Seduwa – Tashigaun (2060 m)
Day 10: Tashigaun – Khongma La (Danda) (3500 m)
Day 11: Khongmadanda – Mumfuk
Day 12: Mumfuk -Yangle Kharka (3540 m)
Day 13: Yangle Kharka -Merak
Day 14: Merak -Sersung (half day rest) for acclimatization
Day 15: Sersung – Makalu Base camp (4870 m)
Day 16-47: Climbing Period for Makalu (8463m)
Day 48: Makalu BC – Mumbuck
Day 49: Mumbuck – Khongma La (Danda)
Day 50: Khongma La – Seduwa
Day 51: Seduwa – Chichila
Day 52: Chichila – Tumlingtar
Day 53: Tumlingtar to Kathmandu by flight
Day 54: Leisure day in Kathmandu
Day 55: Farewell and Final Departure
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